Social Studies/Civics & Government

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3rd Grade
4th Grade
5th Grade

3rd Grade

History 3.1 Students will describe how significant people, events and developments have shaped their own community and region; compare their community to other communities in the region in other times and places; and use a variety of resources to gather information about the past.

Civics and Government Geography 3.2 Students will explain what it means to be citizens of their community, state and nation; be able to identify the functions and major services provided by local governments; use a variety of resources to gather information about local, state and national governments; and demonstrate understanding of democratic principles and practices.

Geography 3.3 Students will explain that simple grid systems (latitude and longitude) are used to locate places on maps and globes, and will begin to understand the Earth/sun relationship, identify the distinctive physical and cultural features of their community, and explain the geographic relationships within their own community with the state and other states within the region.

Economics 3.4 Students will explain how people in the local community make choices about using goods, services and productive resources; how they engage in trade to satisfy their economic wants; how they use a variety of sources to gather and apply information about economic changes in the community; and how they compare costs and benefits in economic decision making.

4th Grade

History 4.1 Students will trace the historical periods, places, people, events and movements that have led to the development of Indiana as a state. Students will describe the components and characteristics of Indiana’s constitutional form of government; explain the levels and three branches of Indiana’s government; understand citizenship rights and responsibilities; investigate civic and political issues and problems; use inquiry and communication skills to report findings in charts, graphs, written and verbal forms; and demonstrate responsible citizenship by exercising civic virtues and participation skills.

Civics and Government 4.2
Foundations of Government 4.2.1 Explain the major purposes of Indiana’s Constitution as stated in the Preamble.

Foundations of Government 4.2.2 Describe individual rights, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to public education, that people have under Indiana’s Bill of Rights (Article I of the Constitution).

Functions of Government 4.2.3 Identify and explain the major responsibilities of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of state government as written in the Indiana Constitution.

Functions of Government 4.2.4 Identify major state offices, the duties and powers associated with them, and how they are chosen, such as by election or appointment. Example: Governor, lieutenant governor, chief justice, state senators and state representatives.

Roles of Citizens 4.2.5 Give examples of how citizens can participate in their state government and explain the right and responsibility of voting.

Roles of Citizens 4.2.6 Define and provide examples of civic virtues in a democracy. Example: Individual responsibility, self-discipline/self-governance, civility, respect for the rights and dignity of all individuals, honesty, respect for the law, courage, compassion, patriotism, fairness and commitment to the common good.

Roles of Citizens 4.2.7 Use a variety of information resources to take a position or recommend a course of action on a public issue relating to Indiana’s past or present. Example: Use local, state and federal Web sites, as well as newspapers, television and video images, to research and write an editorial related to Indiana’s environment.

Geography 4.3 Students will explain how the Earth/sun relationship influences the climate of Indiana; identify the components of Earth’s physical systems; describe the major physical and cultural characteristics of Indiana; give examples of how people have adapted to and modified their environment, past and present; and identify regions of Indiana.

Economics 4.4
Students will study and compare the characteristics of Indiana’s changing economy in the past and present.

5th Grade

History 5.1 Students will describe the historical movements that influenced the development of the United States from pre-Columbian times up to 1800, with an emphasis on the American Revolution and the founding of the United States.

Civics and Government 5.2
Students will identify main components and characteristics of the United States government. They will identify and explain key ideas in government from the colonial and founding periods that continue to shape civic and political life.

Geography 5.3
Students will describe the Earth/sun relationship and use global grid systems. They will identify regions; describe physical and cultural characteristics; and locate states, capitals and major physical features of the United States. They will also explain the changing interaction of people with their environment in regions of the United States and show how the United States is related geographically to the rest of the world.

Economics 5.4
Students will describe the productive resources and market relationships that influence the way people produce goods and services and earn a living in the United States in different historical periods.

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